Position Paper – 10 Essential Core Capabilities for Prolonged Field Care

This post has been a long time coming.  This is where it began and may be the most important tool we have to offer.  This is the 10 Capabilities Position Paper revisited with the grid made easily available.  If you have read the position paper you know that everything we recommend is in the “Minimum, Better and Best” format.  Sometimes it’s equipment, others it’s training or experience.  Most of us on the ground may never reach the “Best” level but we can always strive to attend another course or seek out a professional to teach us our shortcoming or at the very least, be aware of “right.”  This is a huge step forward in anyone’s medical education, coming to the realization that you know what you don’t know.  Your ignorance at any level is a detriment to your patient’s health.    

This is how this all started, medics who care, seeking out smart guys to answer the burning questions tugging at their unconscious, knowing one day that they would be likely be called upon to answer it themselves in a time of crisis whether they had a solution or not.

10 capabilities grid

Click here to Download the Customizable 10 Essential Capabilities Grid

Click here to Download the PFC WG Position Paper – PFC Capabilities

or read it now below:

PROLONGED FIELD CARE WORKING GROUP POSITION PAPER

PROLONGED FIELD CARE CAPABILITIES

JUNE, 2014

A newly formed Prolonged Field Care Working Group (PFC WG), comprised of medical‐specialty subject matter experts, has been tasked to evaluate the current training and preparedness of Special Operations Force (SOF) medics. The first formal position paper from the working group suggests that medical providers consider the below list of capabilities when preparing their medics to provide PFC in austere settings. It is presented in a “minimum, better, best” format. The intent is to demonstrate those basic skills, with adjunctive skills and equipment that may be employed when considering what to train for Prolonged Field Care (PFC). At first glance, the list may seem somewhat simple, but it emphasizes basic medical skills, that, when put together, allow for a more comprehensive approach to critical patient care in an austere setting. Of note, equipment is relatively de‐emphasized since medical skills and training should be the focus of preparing the Special Operations provider for providing this care. PFC requires the following capabilities in at least some capacity. If you can provide these 10 capabilities in at least the minimum requirements, you are on your way to being prepared for PFC. Here are the recommendations:

1. Monitor the patient in order to create a useful vital sign trend

Minimum – blood pressure cuff, stethoscope, pulse oximetry, Foley catheter (measure urine output) and an understanding of vital signs interpretation. Use a method to accurately document vital signs trends.

Better ‐ add capnometry

Best ‐ vital signs monitor in order to provide hands‐free vitals at regular intervals

2. Resuscitate the patient beyond crystalloid/colloid infusion

Minimum ‐ field Fresh Whole Blood transfusion kits

Better ‐ maintenance crystalloids also prepared for a major burn and/or closed head injury resuscitation (2‐3 cases of LR or PlasmaLyte A; hypertonic saline); consider adding Lyophilized Plasma as available; Fluid warmer

Best ‐ maintain a stock of PRBCs, FFP, and have type‐specific donors identified for immediate FWB draw.

3. Ventilate/oxygenate the patient

Minimum ‐ provide PEEP via BVM valve (you cannot ventilate a patient in the PFC setting (prolonged ventilation) without PEEP or they will be at risk for developing ARDS)

Better ‐ provide supplemental O2 via oxygen concentrator

Best – portable Ventilator (i.e. Eagle Impact ventilator or similar) with supplemental O2

4. Gain definitive control of the patient’s airway with an inflated cuff in the trachea (and be able to keep the patient comfortable)

Minimum ‐ Medic is prepared for a Ketamine cricothyrotomy

Better ‐ add ability to provide longduration sedation

Best ‐ add a responsible RSI capability with subsequent airway maintenance skills, in addition to providing long term sedation (to include suction and paralysis with adequate sedation)

5. Use sedation/pain control in order to accomplish the above tasks

Minimum ‐ provide opiate analgesics titrated IV

Better ‐ trained to sedate with ketamine (and adjunctive midazolam)

Best ‐ experienced with and maintains currency in long term sedation practice using IV morphine, ketamine, midazolam, Fentanyl, etc.

6. Use physical exam/diagnostic measures to gain awareness of potential problems

Minimum ‐ using physical exam without advanced diagnostics ‐ maintain awareness of potential unseen injuries (abdominal bleed, head injury, etc)

Better ‐ trained to use advanced diagnotics ‐ ultrasound, pointofcare lab testing, etc.

Best ‐ experienced in the above

7. Provide nursing/hygiene/comfort measures

Minimum – ensure the patient is clean, warm, dry, padded, catheterized and provides basic wound care

Better ‐ elevate head of bed, debride wounds, perform washouts, wet‐to‐dry dressings, decompress stomach

Best ‐ experienced in all the above

8. Perform advanced surgical interventions

Minimum ‐ chest tube, cricothyrotomy

Better ‐ fasciotomy, wound debridement, amputation, etc.

Best ‐ experienced with all the above

9. Perform telemedicine consult

Minimum – make reliable communications; present patient; pass trends of key vital signs

Better ‐ add labs and ultrasound images

Best ‐ video teleconference

10. Prepare the patient for flight

Minimum ‐ be familiar with physiologic stressors of flight

Better ‐ trained in critical care transport

Best ‐ experienced in critical care transport

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